TN HR&CE PROACTIVE DISCLOSURE (Under Section 4(1) (b) of the RTI Act – 2005)


Devaswom & Brahmaswom web sites


Supporting Acts and Regulations

  1. The Bengal Regulation XIX of 1810
  2. The Madras Endowments and Escheats Regulation, 1817
  3. The Religious Endowments Act, 1863 { Repeal of parts of Bengal Regulation XIX of 1810 and Madras Regulation VII of 1817. —[Rep. by the Repealing Act, 1870 (14 of 1870)}
  5. The Ancient Monuments Preservation Act, 1904
  6. The sections 92 and 93 and Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
  7. The Madras Hindu Religious Endowments Act, 1926 [Board constituted u/S 10]
  8. The Charitale and Religious Trusts Act, 1920
  9. Kuthakappattam Rules, 1947
  10. The Travancore–Cochin Hindu Religious Institutions Act .1950
  11. The Madras Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act 1951
  12. The Requisition and Acquisition of Property Act, 1955
  14. The Kandu krishi Land Assignment Rules, 1958
  15. The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958
    ACT, 1959 (Tamil Nadu Act 22 to 1959)
  17. Thiruppuvaram Payment (Abolition) Act, 1960
  18. Jenmikaram Payment (Abolition) Act, 1960
  19. The Jenmikaram Transfer of Registry Rules
  20. The Requisition and Acquisition of Property Rules, 1960
  21. The Transfer of Registry Rules, 1966
  22. The Sreepadam Land Enfranchisement Act, 1969
  23. The Sreepadam Lands (V & E) Rules, 1970
  24. The Koodalmanickam Devaswom Act, 1971 (Act 7 Of 1971)
  25. The Sree Pandaravaka Lands (V&E) Act, 1974
  26. The Sree Pandaravaka Lands (V&E) Rules
  27. The Guruvayoor Devaswom Act 1978
  28. Kerala Service Inam Lands (V&E) Act, 1981
  29. Explosives Rules 1983
  30. The Place Worship Act, 1991
  31. Public Records Act, 1993.
  32. The Right to Information Act, 2005

I. Primary Sources
A. Archaeological Sources
1. A Topographical List of the inscriptions of the Madras Presidency,
collected till 1915 with Notes and References, (Ed), Rangacharya, V.,
3 (Vols), Madras, 1919.
2. A Topographical List of inscriptions of the Tamilnadu and Kerala State,
(Ed.) T.V.Mahalingam, Vol.II, Indian Council of Historical Research,
Delhi, 1985.
3. Pallavar Ceppedukal (Thirty Pallava Copper Plates), Tamil Varalatru
Kazhagam, Madras, 1966.
4. Pandyar Ceppedukal Pattu (Ten Pandya Copper Plates), Tamil Varalatru
Kazhagam, Madras, 1967.
5. South Indian Temple inscriptions (Ed) Subramanian, T.N., Govt Oriental
Manuscripts Library, Govt of Tamil Nadu, 3 Vols, 1953-1957.
6. Travancore Archaeological Series, Vols I – VIII, Trivandrum, 1910-1938.
B. Journals
1. Avanam; Journal of the Tamilnadu Archaeological society, Tanjavur.
2. Damilika; Journal of Tamilnadu State Department of Archaeology,
Madras, 1970.
3. Epigraphica Tamilica, A Journal of Tamil epigraphy (Jaffina [Sri Langa]
Archeological society) (Ed.) K.Indrapala, 1971.
5. Indian Archaeology – A Review
6. Indian Historical Quarterly
9. Journal of Epigraphical Society of India.
10. Journal of Indian History
11. Journal of Madras University
12. Journal of Tamil Studies, Madras.
14. Proceedings of the South Indian History Congress

C. Proceedings
1. Subbarayalu, Y., “Classification of land and Assessment of land tax in
Early Medieval Tamil nadu from 950 to 1300 AD”, in Proceedings of
Indian History Congress, XXXVIII, Session, (Bhubaneswar) 1977,
2. Subbarayalu. Y., “Land Assessment in Tamilnadu from 700-1350 AD”
in Historica, Proceedings of the Madurai Historical Society, Madurai,
January, 1981.
3. Subbarayalu. Y., “An aspects of the Revenue System of the Chola” in
Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 45th Session, Annamalai
University, 1984, pp.172 -176.
4. Subbarayalu. Y., “Kudimai: An aspects of the Revenue System of
Chola”, Proceedings of Indian History Congress, 45th Session,
Annamalai University, 1984, pp.173

D.Basic Reference

  1. K.P.Padmanabha Menon, History of Kerala, Vol IV,Government of Cochin,1942
  2. Velupillai.TK,Travancore State manual,Vol.IV,1970.
  3. Jayashanker,S,Temples of Kerala,Directorate of Census operastions,Kerala.1997
    Pressler, A, Franklin Religion under bureaucracy,Policy and administration for Hindu temples in south India,camebridge university press,,camebridge,2008
  4. Padmanabhan.S,Temples of South India,Kumaran Pathippagan.Nagercoil,1977.
  5. Sadasivan,SN, party and democracy in India,Tata Mc Graw Hill,Newdelhi,1997.
  6. Yesudas.RN,Col.John Munro in Travancore,Historical society ,Trivandrum,1977
    Pillai .kk,Sucindram Temple,Kalakshetra publications,Madras,1953
  7. Suresh Kumar, Political Evolution in Kerala,Travancore:1859-1938,Pheonix publishers, newdelhi,1994
  8. Kerala Devaswom Administrative Reform Commission Report,KP Sankaran Nair Commission, Government press,Trivandrum,1984
  9. Times of India, September, 4, 2012.
  11. The Hindu,August ,26,2015
  12. The Travancore Directory, 1939, part II
  13.  Kerala State Administration Reports,1961

II. Secondary Sources
A. English
Aiyangar, S.A., Evaluation of Hindu Administrative Institution of
South India, University of Madras, Madras,1930.
Heras, H. Rev., Studies in Pallava History, B.G. Paul and Co
Publishers, Madras, 1993.
“Temples and Merchants in South India,  AD 900-1300” in Barun De et. al., (Ed). Essays in
Honour of Prof. S.C. Sarkar, New Delhi, 1996.
The Cholas. 2nd Edition, University of Madras, Madras, 1955.
The Pandyan Kingdom: From the Earliest Times to the Sixteenth Century, Swathi Publications Madras, 1972.
Rajan Gurukkal, Aspects of the Reservoir, System of Irrigation in the Early Pandya State, Chennai, 1986.
The Revenue System of the Cholas 850-1279 AD, New Era Publications, Madras, 1987.
Sharma, R.S. Land Revenue in India: Historical Studies, Motital Banarasidass, Delhi, 1971.
Sharma, S.R., Indian Feudalism C. 300-1200, Macmillan India Ltd., Delhi, 1980.
Sirkar, D.C., Land System and Feudalism in Ancient India, Calcutta, 1965.
Indian Epigraphical Glossary, Delhi, 1966.
Sivaramaiya , C., A Classified: Glossary of Tamil Words With Explanatory Meaning, Progressive Press, Madras, 1908.
Srinivasa Iyengar, P.T., The Stone Age in India, Madras, 1926.
Stein, Burton, “The Segmentary State in Indian History”, in Richard G. Fax (ed.), Realm and Region in Traditional India, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1977.
All King’s Mana : Papers on Medieval South Indian History, New Era Publications, Madras, 1984.
Studies in Chola Histgory, Swathi Pathipaham, Chennai, 2001.
Subramanaya Aiyar, K.V., Historical Sketches of Ancient Deccan, Vol.I,
Calcutta, 1917.
Swaminathan, S., “Land Transactions at Srinivasanallur”,Rahuman, K.V., et al., (Eds.), Srinidhi ]Perspective in India Archaeology Art and Culture (Shri. K.R. Srinivasan Fests Chrieft) New Era Publication, Madras, 1983.
Tapan, Ray Chaudhuri The Cambridge Economic History of India 1200 and Infan Habib, (Ed), – 1750 AD, Vol I, Cambridge 1982.
Thinakaran, A.J., The Second Pandyan Empire: (AD 1190-1312), Priya Printers, Coimbatore, 1982.
Tirumalai, R., “Brahmadeyas of Puddukkottai District” in Raman, K.V., et al., (Eds) Srinidhi: Perspectivein Indian Archaeology Art and Culture (Sri. K.R.
Srinivasan Fests Chrieft), New Era Publications, Madras, 1983, pp.339-350.
Tirumalai, R., Lands Grants and Agrarians Reactions in Chola and Pandhya Times (Sankar Parvathi Endowment Lecturer; 1983), University of Madras, Madras, 1987.
Studies in the History of Ancient Townships of Pudukkottai, Tamil Nadu State Department of Archaeology, Madras, 1981.
Pandyan Townships, Part I and II, Department of Archeology, Government of Tamil Nadu, Chennai, 1994.

B. Tamil
Rajamanikam Pillai. M., Pallava Varalaru (Tamil), Tirunelveli Ten India
Saiva Siddhanda Nurpadhipukazham Ltd., Tirunelveli, 1968.
Sadasiva Pandarattar, T.V., Pirkkala Cholar Varalaru (History of the Later
Cholas in Tamil) 3 Vols, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Chidambaram 1974.
Pandiar Varalaru, Saiva Siddhanta Publishing, Tirunelveli, 1972.

C. Malayalam